Education, Health and Wellness, Uncategorized

Extended Definition Essay About Wellness

By: Ezhra B. Bahala

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Current researches show that the premature cause of illnesses among adolescents and young adults is not infectious and scarcity, but the result of poor health habit, including physical inactivity, suicidal tendency, peer induce vices such as excessive drinking, smoking and poor nutrition. The correlation between health habit and health behaviors among these group give emphasize that a lot of health, behavioral options have potential to deteriorate or improve the well-being or wellness among adolescents and young adults inside and outside the campus.

In connection to well-being state or wellness, it reflects how one feels about life, as well as one’s ability to operate effectively. Myers & Sweeney (2008) define wellness as a way of life oriented toward optimal health and well-being, in which body, mind, and spirit are integrated by the individual to live more fully within the human and natural community. In addition, per Ardell and Langdon (1989), quality of life is an imperative aspect of wellness. Dimensionally, wellness can be equally illustrated physically, mentally and socially.  However, Spurr, Bully, Ogenchuk & Walker (2012) reported that many middle-aged adolescents, considered the initially mentioned dimensions are not equally important (p.321).

Physical wellness is one of the most relevant part of the holistic approach. It is the ability of the person to function effectively that includes good physical fitness and the control of useful motor skills. A person with physical wellness is generally characterized as fit. Spurr et al. (2012) also mentioned that the physical dimension revealed both physical activity and healthy nutrition were suggestively correlated to wellness. Furthermore, discussing about physical being of adolescents and young adults inside the campus, the most notable barriers were classified as conditions are scarce of inexpensive and available opportunities to eat healthy foods, and the lack of facilities and health education. In the community, other hindrances of becoming physically well were the unavailability of recreation facilities, sports club, and health awareness.

The next imperative dimension of well-being state is a mental wellness also known as emotional-mental health. This is a one’s ability to cope with daily circumstances and to deal with personal feelings in a positive, optimistic, and constructive manner. They are generally characterized as happy persons. According to the study conducted among adolescent at the Inuit community in Canada “Mental illness were measured by means of one positive outcome (self-esteem) and one negative outcome (suicidal ideation) to provide a balanced portrait “(Gray , Richer & Harper 2016, p.252).In the same study, it was also deliberated that their mental wellness was higher in communities with greater average educational achievement and incomes. While those that who are living in congested household has a low level of mental wellness. They experienced superior mental wellness in communities with more positive interaction. Parallel tendencies were observed in communities with more emotional support. Suicidal ideation was among youth in communities with more coercions of physical violence. For those communities with a high number of cases of sexual abuse, mental wellness is also deteriorating (254) On the other hand, separate studies conducted among adolescent inside the campus where they highlighted the barriers in attaining mental wellness. Most comments, according to Higgins, Lauzon, Yew, Bratseth & McLeod (2010), related to students’ mental being and the challenges they faced in managing time and stress when fulfilling their course load demands; compounding these demands are financial limitations as well as the peal taken from not engaging in healthy practices (318).

Finally, social wellness also partakes a great role in holistic wellness of human being. It is a person’s ability to interrelate with others successfully and to establish meaningful relationships that enhance the quality of life for all people involved in the interaction (including self). They are generally categorized as involved instead of isolated. School experiences offer adolescents and young adults new learning and societal opportunities.The students desire sense of belongingness especially inside the campus. They wanted to feel connected and this is vital to their health and wellness. However, during this critical stage of their simulations, they may not be able to elevate their own wellness. In fact, students on campus may experience low levels of wellness when compared to their counterparts outside of the campus. According to Higgins et al.(2016), The multiple pressures brought to bear during years of study can often exact a toll on the health and well-being of a student body, often undermining their sense of personal control and initiate compromised health behaviors that can endure throughout their lives.The research of Meyers and Mobley (2004) concluded by strongly advising that “… campus wellness programs are an important way to promote greater wellness” (p. 45) within the student body.

Achieving wellness is a proactive approach that is reachable and inclusive for all per Fetter and Kock (2009). Equally relevant statistics, according to Spurr et. al (2012), majority of among these age group suggested that psychological or mental (89%), social (85%), and physically (80%) (over 100%) development made the most significant contribution to their adolescent wellness. (p.323). Although, physical, mental and social well-being are equally important for an individual to represent a holistic pattern, recent studies illustrate also a growing trend of entities encountering issues in wellness or state of well-being . Causative to the sense of imbalance were lifestyle, financial and time management issues that infused aspects of being, belonging and becoming. Such results to poor health habits and behavior among the adolescents and young adults inside and outside the campus.



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Spurr, S., Bully, J., Okechuku, M., & Walker, K. (2012, November-December). A framework for exploring adolescent wellness. Pediatric Nursing. 38, 6,324

World Health Organization. (1958). Constitution of the World Health Organization. Retrieved July 31, 2008, from


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